By Jeroen van Craenenbroeck
Within the Nineteen Eighties generative grammar well-known that practical fabric is ready to venture syntactic constitution in conformity with the X-bar-format. This perception quickly resulted in a substantial elevate within the stock of useful projections. the fundamental notion in the back of this line of theorizing, which works via the identify of cartography, is that sentence constitution might be represented as a template of linearly ordered positions, each one with their very own syntactic and semantic import. in recent times, even if, a few difficulties were raised for this technique. for instance, sure mixtures of syntactic components can't be linearly ordered. In gentle of such difficulties a few replacement money owed were explored. a few of them suggest a brand new (often interface-related) set off for circulate, whereas others search substitute technique of accounting for varied be aware order styles. those choices to cartography don't shape a homogeneous workforce, nor has there up to now been a discussion board the place those principles may be in comparison and faced with each other. This quantity fills that hole. It bargains a diversified and in-depth view at the place taken by way of a considerable variety of researchers within the box at the present time on what's most likely some of the most hotly debated and arguable matters in present-day generative grammar.
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Additional info for Alternatives to Cartography (Studies in Generative Grammar)
23 40 Ad Neeleman, Elena Titov, Hans van de Koot and Reiko Vermeulen (42) a. ’ b. *JAZZ-PIANISTA1 mal’ˇciki [vystuplenie t1 ] slyshali (a jazz pianist-GEN boys performance-ACC heard (and ne jazz-gitarista) not jazz-guitarist-GEN) (43) a. b. ’ JAZZ-PIANISTA1 devoˇcku [vystuplenie t1 ] potrjaslo (a amazed (and jazz pianist-GEN girl-ACC performance ne jazz-gitarista) not jazz-guitarist-GEN) The same point can be made on the basis of double object constructions. Split scrambling requires that the object containing the trace of the fronted constituent appear in final position: (44) a.
Bobaljik observes that arguments, verbs and auxiliaries in Italian can be freely interspersed in Cinque’s (1999) adverbial sequence. This fact is incompatible with Cinque’s proposal that the adverbial sequence is given by the order of functional projections in the verbal domain. Mutatis mutandis, the same conclusion holds of the variable placement of topics and foci in Dutch (see section 6 for further details). Bobaljik argues that this hierarchy paradox may yet yield to a phrase-structural account.
Phrases marked with thematic wa typically appear in clause-initial position and are interpreted as what the rest of the sentence is about. Phrases marked with contrastive wa implicate contrast and may remain in-situ. Although this goes some way towards the proposal we defend here, thematic and contrastive wa-phrases are generally analyzed as aboutness topics and contrastive topics, respectively (see Heycock 2007 for an overview of the literature). (Some of) the latter, then, would be topics in non-clause-initial position, contra (23).