By Jacqueline A. MacDonald, J. R. Lockwood
On the fee that govt and nongovernmental enterprises are clearing current landmines, it's going to take 450-500 years to rid the area of them. taken with the gradual speed of demining, the workplace of technological know-how and know-how requested RAND to evaluate power cutting edge applied sciences being explored and to undertaking what investment will be required to foster the advance of the extra promising ones. The authors of this file recommend that the government adopt a learn and improvement attempt to boost a multisensor mine detection process over the subsequent 5 to 8 years.
Read Online or Download Alternatives for Landmine Detection PDF
Similar mining books
Smooth computer-based regulate structures may be able to acquire a large number of details, reveal it to operators and shop it in databases however the interpretation of the knowledge and the following determination making is based customarily on operators with little computing device aid. This e-book introduces advancements in computerized research and interpretation of process-operational information either in real-time and over the operational background, and describes new innovations and methodologies for constructing clever, state-space-based platforms for method tracking, regulate and prognosis.
Mineral Beneficiation or ore dressing of run-of-mine ore is an upgrading approach to accomplish uniform caliber, dimension and greatest tenor ore in the course of the elimination of much less beneficial fabric. Beneficiation advantages the prices of freight, dealing with, and extraction (smelting) lessen, and the lack of steel via slag.
This booklet constitutes the refereed court cases of the 3rd overseas Workshop on Mining complicated information, MCD 2007, held in Warsaw, Poland, in September 2007, co-located with ECML and PKDD 2007. The 20 revised complete papers offered have been conscientiously reviewed and chosen; they current unique effects on wisdom discovery from advanced info.
- Mineral Biotechnology: Microbial Aspects of Mineral Beneficiation, Metal Extraction, and Environmental Control
- Rotary Drilling and Blasting in Large Surface Mines
- Mathematics of Multidimensional Seismic Imaging, Migration, and Inversion (Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics)
- Clays, Muds, and Shales
Extra info for Alternatives for Landmine Detection
Generating an image of the mine or another buried object based on dielectric constant variations is often possible because the required radar wavelength is generally smaller than most mines at frequencies that still have reasonable penetration depth. Second, GPR is a mature technology, with a long performance history from other applications. A fielded Army system (HSTAMIDS) combining GPR with EMI for mine detection already exists and is scheduled for production in 2003. Finally, GPR can be made lightweight and easy to operate, and it scans at a rate comparable to that of an EMI system.
This dual-sensor system does not make optimal use of the totality of information available from the combined sensors. Advances in signal processing and understanding of single-sensor systems make the development of a multisensor system with a single signal possible in principle. Preliminary research has shown the potential for multisensor systems to reduce the number of false alarms by as much as a factor of 12. However, additional research is needed to establish a comprehensive technical basis for the design of such a system.
1998). Actual ROC curves vary not only with the detector but also with the environment in which the detector is employed, the mine type, and the burial depth. The high false alarm rate associated with conventional EMI systems accounts for the slow, laborious nature of mine detection (once vegetation and tripwires are cleared). Often, demining teams uncover 100–1,000 inert metal objects for every mine (Hewish and Pengelley, 1997). 1 provides data from the Cambodian Mine Action Centre (CMAC) from March 1992 to October 1998.