By Pierre Bourdieu

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Extra info for Algeria 1960: The disenchantment of the world, The sense of honour, The Kabyle house or the world reversed (Studies in Modern Capitalism)

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They may be people who for psychological reasons are simply unable to hold down a job. We must hope that this is rather a small category. These categories, though unquantifiable, are useful. They enable us to focus on what is causing the unemployment, as we do in Chapters 3 and 4. Employment policy can then be directed at those individuals and industries who most need help. A policy that has specific targets is likely to be far more effective than a blanket one. How Many Are Unemployed? Having established what different types of unemployment exist, we may ask how many people in total are unemployed.

Whether these claims were justified is another issue, but in one fell swoop the official unemployment figures were lowered. There may also be people who are working part-time because they are unable to find a full-time job. But part-time unemployment is difficult to quantify in the figures. If somebody was working half a week, would you add a half a person to the unemployed total? Who Are the Unemployed? 31 According to the Labour Force Survey around 20% of part-timers may be unemployed this way; and part-timers as a whole comprise 25% of the workforce.

The market is not being allowed to work properly by differentiating between wages for the different groups. It is allowing racism to continue. The validity of this argument is highly questionable. It appears to hinge on the notion that offering lower wages to an equivalent worker from an ethnic minority worker is less racist than simply choosing the white worker in preference. The only debate can be on whether the workers are 'equivalent'. The justification that is given for this argument is that white trade unions in South Africa insist upon equal pay for equal work as a means of excluding black workers.

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