By Chin-hue Lee, Haizhou Li, Lin-shan Lee, Ren-hua Wang, Qiang Huo

After many years of analysis task, chinese language spoken language processing (CSLP) has complex significantly either in sensible expertise and theoretical discovery. during this booklet, the editors offer either an creation to the sphere in addition to designated learn issues of their suggestions in a number of components of CSLP. The contributions characterize pioneering efforts starting from CSLP ideas to applied sciences and functions, with each one bankruptcy encapsulating a unmarried challenge and its options.

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1366-1380. 4. K. N. Stevens, "Physics of Laryngeal Behavior and Larynx Modes," Phonetica, vol. 34, (1977), pp. 264-279. 5. K. Ishizaka and J. Flanagan, "Synthesis of Voiced Sounds from a Two-mass Model of the Vocal cords," Bell Sys. Tech. J, vol. 512, (1972), pp. 1233-1268. 6. H. McGurk and J. MacDonald, "Hearing Lips and Seeing Voices," Nature, vol. 264, (1976), pp. 746-748. 7. P. Denes and E. H. , (1993). 8. A. M. Liberman and I. G. Mattingly, "The Motor Theory of Speech Perception Revised," Cognition, vol.

Due to this linkage, humans have a robust capability to adapt them in adverse environments and to extract the relevant linguistic and paralinguistic information. Many engineering techniques Speech Analysis: The Production-Perception Perspective 19 for analyzing speech have been motivated, directly or indirectly, by the speech production and/or perception mechanisms discussed in this section. 5. Introduction to Speech Analysis The previous sections in this chapter focused on how humans process speech.

In this example, [h] is an IPA diacritic indicating the aspirated feature. Note that in common linguistic notation a phoneme is specified within slashes (virgules, / / ) and a phone is specified by a symbol within square brackets ([ ]). 8 The Romanization for Taiwanese used in this chapter is Peh-oe-jl (POJ) ( S f r S ^ / f i i J r ? -C. 3. Transcription of Speech There are quite a few ways to transcribe speech even for the same language. They can be classified into two relative categories as follows: • • Narrow (phonetic) transcription Broad (phonemic) transcription Narrow or phonetic transcription is to specify the pronunciation with as much detail as possible so that the speech can be phonetically reproduced without any ambiguity.

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