By Walter H. Fertl

Petroleum formation pressures

Show description

Read or Download Abnormal Formation Pressures: Implications to Exploration, Drilling, and Production of Oil and Gas Resources PDF

Best mining books

Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery for Process Monitoring and Control

Smooth computer-based regulate structures may be able to acquire a large number of details, demonstrate it to operators and shop it in databases however the interpretation of the information and the following choice making is predicated ordinarily on operators with little laptop help. This booklet introduces advancements in computerized research and interpretation of process-operational information either in real-time and over the operational historical past, and describes new thoughts and methodologies for constructing clever, state-space-based structures for method tracking, keep watch over and analysis.

Mineral Beneficiation: A Concise Basic Course

Mineral Beneficiation or ore dressing of run-of-mine ore is an upgrading technique to accomplish uniform caliber, dimension and greatest tenor ore during the elimination of much less necessary fabric. Beneficiation merits the prices of freight, dealing with, and extraction (smelting) decrease, and the lack of steel via slag.

Mining Complex Data: ECML/PKDD 2007 Third International Workshop, MCD 2007, Warsaw, Poland, September 17-21, 2007, Revised Selected Papers

This publication constitutes the refereed complaints of the 3rd foreign Workshop on Mining advanced facts, MCD 2007, held in Warsaw, Poland, in September 2007, co-located with ECML and PKDD 2007. The 20 revised complete papers offered have been rigorously reviewed and chosen; they current unique effects on wisdom discovery from complicated information.

Extra resources for Abnormal Formation Pressures: Implications to Exploration, Drilling, and Production of Oil and Gas Resources

Example text

The physical properties and differences in physical properties of the sandstone and shale sequence, predominantly shale section, and salt of these saltcdome structures are partly responsible for the geometry of the structures. Structural details and features which were studied in an effort to understand the history of the salt structures were the ‘sheath’ configuration, indications of uplift and differential subsidence, development of rim synclines, and faulting and fault patterns. Most of the flanking sedimentary rocks were either deposited against the core of the structure or ‘pierced’ by the core shortly after deposition.

Disequilibrium between the solid and dispersed phases can be increased, even though the free energy of the system is lowered by migration in the dispersed phase. When the solid phases are allowed to change composition (for example, by stress-induced recrystallization), there may be damping effect on diffusion, but there also may be an 40 ABNORMAL FORMATION PRESSURE ENVIRONMENTS enhancement of diffusion. Eventually a compositional gradient will parallel the pressure gradient in both the solid and dispersed phases.

As a rule, no major gas deposits were present at the source of the volcanoes. Instead, there were small gas accumulations characterized by rock pressures that were much higher than normal and a constant gas inflow from the deeper parts of the basins. In such cases, potential gas reserves should also include the migrating gas. As suggested by Kalinko (1967),it is economical to exploit such gas pools using one or two wells. Salt diapirism. Salt is known to behave plastically. During short-time tests at elevated temperatures, halite single crystals (Handin and Hager, 1958) flowed without further stress increase when the yield stress was reached.

Download PDF sample

Rated 5.00 of 5 – based on 30 votes