By Jonathan Fox

This ebook delves into the level of presidency involvement in faith (GIR) among 1990 and 2002 utilizing either quantitative and qualitative technique. The learn is predicated at the faith and country dataset (RAS), such as one hundred seventy five governments around the globe, all of that are addressed separately during this ebook. The sorts of GIR tested during this learn comprise no matter if the govt has an professional faith, even if a few religions are given preferential remedy, spiritual discrimination opposed to minority faith, executive rules of the bulk faith, and non secular laws. The research indicates that GIR is ubiquitous, that GIR elevated considerably in this interval, and that just a minority of states, together with a minority of democracies, have separation of faith and country. those findings contradict the predictions of religion's lowered public value present in modernization and secularization thought. The findings additionally exhibit that country non secular monopolies are associated with diminished non secular participation.

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Extra info for A World Survey of Religion and the State (Cambridge Studies in Social Theory, Religion and Politics)

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Today, most people in modern societies see a doctor when they are physically ill and see a mental health professional when they have psychological problems. Science has also directly undermined aspects of traditional morality by giving people options that were not previously available. For example, birth control technology has allowed people to engage in sex with less risk of pregnancy. Nationalism and other bases for identity are said to be replacing religion as the source of identity. Political ideologies, generally somehow linked to the will or interests of the people as a basis for governing – something common to diverse ideologies including liberalism, socialism, communism, and fascism – are replacing religion as the basic guides for a just society.

Do you consider yourself religious? Do you believe religion is important for raising children? The vast majority of these studies are sociological and focus on single states or some group within a single state. The examples discussed here are meant to be illustrative rather than an exhaustive discussion of all such research. ’’27 Survey-based studies can also address religion by asking people their opinions on political issues related to religion, such as attitudes toward protecting a country’s religious heritage, the involvement of religious leaders in politics, abortion, and prayer in public schools.

However, most Middle Eastern countries continued to have official religions and to enforce elements of these religions as law. Thus, secularization clearly had not taken place to the extent that many believed it had in the West. In sum, where one stood to a great extent depended on where one sat. This was true of one’s academic discipline, subdiscipline, and which area of the world one studied. The argument that religion was in decline can be said to have been influential and likely the most influential theory on the topic of religion’s role in society for much of the twentieth century, but it was never universally accepted.

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